Coarctation of the aorta is a common congenital (present at birth) heart defect. Coarctation comes from the Latin coartare, meaning "to press together." In coarctation of the aorta, the aorta is pinched in or narrowed, either in a single location or along a portion of its length. This narrowing restricts normal blood flow through the aorta. Aortic coarctation is the narrowing of the aorta which slows or blocks the blood flow. It is often associated with other heart and vascular conditions, like abnormal heart valves or blood vessel outpouching. These conditions carry a risk of additional future problems. Heart and Main Vessels.
Aug 17, · Cardiac Magnetic Resonance shows severe coarctation at the level of the aortic isthmus and extensive thoracic and abdominal collateral circulation. Coarctation of the aorta is a common malformation (4/10 live births) to be ruled out in this setting. 1 Early diagnosis and timely intervention are paramount to prevent further escortxx.xyz: Violeta González-Salvado, Pablo Bazal, Rafael Alonso-González. Coarctation of the aorta is one of the most common types of congenital heart disease accounting for up to 10% of all defects. 1 Adult survivors of congenital heart disease now outnumber children living with congenital heart disease in the developed world. 2 Hypertension is a major determinant of late mortality after coarctation repair and may be present in up to 75% of patients by early adulthood. 3–11 Furthermore, many patients with native coarctation Cited by: 8.
People with coarctation of the aorta are born with an aorta that is too narrow. The aorta is the longest blood vessel in the body. Blood is pumped from the left ventricle into the aorta. It then branches out into the right arm, head, and left arm. Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta between the upper body branches and the lower body branches. It's typically in an isolated location just after the "arch" of the aorta. The blockage can increase blood pressure in your arms and head, yet reduce pressure in your legs.